The Documentary

Solutions for our most pressing global issues come from unexpected places in a film that New York Times bestselling author Alicia Bay Laurel calls “beautiful … both art and documentary.

A breathtaking journey through Japan, Korea, and the United States that turns our perceptions of food and life upside down in an amazingly simple and poetic way.

Inspired by the works of Masanobu Fukuoka, author of the seminal environmental book The One Straw Revolution, the film weaves together meditative landscapes, an eclectic original soundtrack, and inspiring stories from some of the world’s foremost figures in the natural farming movement. Together they give modern-day relevance to age-old ideas about food, environmentalism, and happiness.


“Wow!! A great film … both art and documentary.”
– Alicia Bay Laurel, author of “Living on the Earth”

“… a compelling direction for those seeking to unplug from the materially driven, resource-intensive global food system.”
– Natale Zappia, director of the Institute for Sustainability, California State University

 “Thought provoking and inspiring … a powerful call to action.”
– Clean Eating Magazine

“Loved it… Filled with T.L.C.”
– Keibo Oiwa, author of “Slow is Beautiful” & professor of environmental studies at Meiji Gakuin Univeristy, Tokyo

“A film with a very big heart … the world needs such films now more than ever.”
– Brian Covert, journalist & lecturer at Doshisha University, Kyoto

“meditative, mindful … a beautiful film”
– Barbara Baker, BBC food journalist / Mindful Pie

“…a glimpse of the people and things which society can not ordinarily grasp… beautiful work.”
– Kim JaeHyung, Korean philosopher and activist

“It’s like Fantasia-meets-farming.”
– Rough cut audience member, San Jose, USA

“The film filled me up with great joy and inspiration…I knew it was going to uplift and give a new perspective to my soul, but I didn’t know how deeply it would do those things! I’m going to watch the film today… for the 8th time.”
– Rafayah Uzzyah, Philadelphia, USA


The film has been recognized in magazines, newspapers, academic journals, by festivals, environmental organizations, and academic research collections, including…

Global Environmental Justice Collection
Final Straw: Food, Earth, Happiness was chosen as one of the initial 25 Global Environmental Justice films. Curated by professors from Yale, Brandeis, and Whittier College, this collection is now used in 100 universities throughout North America as part of their sustainability curriculum. It is the winner of the 2020 Buchanan Prize.

In the Media
A full list of media appearances is available on the In The Media page.

Film Festivals
Final Straw: Food, Earth, Happiness has been invited to screen at multiple international film festivals, including:

More Than a Film

Film directors Suhee and Patrick believe in inspiring new kinds of ecological awareness through natural farming, art, and purposeful community engagement. Since the start of touring for the film, they have engaged communities to imagine new ways of seeing, building bridges between where our society is now, and where each of us actually wants to be.

The directors have toured the film to over 150 cities, not only showing the film, but co-producing ecological conversations, arts exhibitions, urban gardens, sustainable culinary adventures, and urban nature workshops that compliment the film. These works have inspired thousands of participants in East Asia, North America, and Europe.

This work is continued today by the directors, through their City as Nature project, a creative urban ecology studio, based in Daejeon, Korea.

Production Credits

Final Straw Documentary cast poster ( | CC BY-SA)

Cast: Yoshikazu Kawaguchi (Japan), Larry Korn (USA), Seong Hyun Choi (Korea), Kristyn Leach, Etsuko Kagamiyama, Ryosok Hong, Maki Sobajima, Kenji Murakami, Yoshiki Yamamoto, Osamu Kita, Kazuaki Okitsu, Dennis Lee

Directors: Patrick M. Lydon & Suhee Kang

Studio: SocieCity Films (City as Nature)
Associate Producer: Kaori Tsuji
Animation: Heeyoung Park
Musicians: Bomnunbyeol Kim, Ipppen, Joyful Island, Wind Sync, ZMI

Running Time: 74 minutes
Languages: English, Korean, Japanese

See the Film in Multiple Languages

You can watch the film through our distributor, Gumroad with subtitles in the following languages:


As always, 100% of the proceeds from this film go toward our current and future projects for fostering social and ecological well being. 

Update from the directors (2021)

A screening and talk event with Suhee and Patrick in Seoul, Korea

In 2015-2016, the directors undertook a 110-date screening and event tour of Japan and Korea, to much celebration. This work included the piloting of a community-based restaurant and garden project called “REALtimeFOOD,” which gained considerable attention and has since been replicated and produced by multiple community and nonprofit organizations.

Today, the film’s grassroots popularity doesn’t seem to be slowing down. It’s been translated into seven languages (English, Korean, Japanese, French, Vietnamese, Chinese, Turkish, Polish, with others in progress) and continues to enjoy community screenings and events held regularly around the world.

The academic and environmental education world is also taking notice too. Final Straw: Food, Earth, Happiness was chosen as one of 25 films for the Buchanan award-winning Global Environmental Justice Collection, used in universities throughout North America.

An opening event during the REALtimeFOOD project in Osaka, Japan

Today, the directors continue their environmental advocacy work on a full time basis through their City as Nature art and media lab, and the opening of The Branch, an ecological activity space and natural garden in Osaka, Japan that hosts ongoing donation-based public workshops and exhibitions. Your film purchase supports this work directly, allowing us to produce more short films, workshops, talks, and other sustainability events that are available freely to the world.

We continue to work in close collaboration with natural farmers, and urban and rural sustainability experts in Japan, Korea, United States, and around the world.

About the Production Team

Four years in the making, the film’s Co-Directors Patrick Lydon (Silicon Valley) and Suhee Kang (Seoul, Korea) walked away from their salaried jobs to further ways of thinking, working, and living that might enable humanity to thrive together with this earth, instead of working against it.

From our first meeting in South Korea in 2011, our similar interests in sustainability issues lead us to conduct a joint interview with a noted author and natural farmer in the Korean countryside. A short few days with Mr. Seong Hyun Choi showed us the beginnings of what was possible when the connection between humans and the environment are the basis for how we grow our food.

Patrick and Suhee / Image Credit: Magazine TOMATO
image: Magazine TOMATO

It quickly became clear to us however, that Mr. Choi’s mindset was not really about how to grow food, it was about how to live on — and with — this earth.

We realized that this was not simply about a way of farming to sustain our environment, it was about a way of thinking and being to sustain and nurture all human relationships, ecological and social.

Shortly after departing from Mr. Choi’s small, mist-covered mountain farm, we began seeing examples everywhere, of how such a connected mindset could transform the way we live, both on and off the farm. It rocked our perception of the world so deeply that we dove in, spending the next three years researching, working, and filming on these kinds of farms all over Korea, Japan, and the United States.

To us, this is more than just a documentary film. In addition to producing and touring the film in over 120 cities, we have reached out to audiences, creating cross-discipline discussions, producing exhibitions and festivals, workshops, and events that use art and ecology as a bridge for understanding and connecting. During this time, we have conducted large amounts of research, not only in libraries and academic centers, but firsthand, person-to-person, both within some of the largest cities, and smallest communities in the world.

It’s hard for some to comprehend that the Final Straw film and events have thus far been created on a shoestring budget by two people with a camera and determination… and then you realize that it took directors Patrick Lydon and Suhee Kang four years, their entire life savings, and the help of a global cast of volunteer translators, coordinators, and musicians to get it done. It’s not always been easy, but in truth, it’s been like riding on a wave; an inspiring path filled with support from others, and with so much excitement for these ideas and how they can move us towards a truly equal and sustainable society.

We’re still at the very beginning of what we can (and need to) accomplish too, we’re hopeful that you’ll join us for the journey!

Patrick M. Lydon

Patrick Lydon on farm in Korea (photo: Suhee Kang)

Patrick is an internationally exhibited artist and writer working across multiple disciplines to ignite unconventional dialogues on humanity’s relationship with the natural world. He has lead projects involving diverse casts of people; from farmers, to city planners, to artists, rural and urban community organizations, and educational institutions. In addition, he is the founding editor of SocieCity collective, and the arts and events editor for The Nature of Cities. Patrick holds an MFA with distinction from the University of Edinburgh (Scotland) and previously studied at San Jose State University (USA) and Aichi University of the Arts (Japan).

More at: &

Suhee Kang

Suhee Kang (photo: Patrick Lydon)

Suhee is a photographer and social and ecological activist. She has worked as an Editor of books on ecology and sociology topics, and has served as a volunteer for many like-minded organizations including the ‘Dumulmeori’ organic farming struggle, and ‘Rogpa’ organization for Tibetan refugees. Suhee has traveled throughout the Middle-East, Europe and Asia to engage with the traditional way of living, for which she won the grand prize in the traveling photography contest by Istanbul Cultural Center. Solo and group shows of Suhee’s work have taken place in Seoul, Kwangju, and Yangpyeong. Suhee graduated from Sungkyunkwan University in 2007 with a degree in Journalism.

More at: &

Kaori Tsuji

Kaori is a food therapist, project leader, and board member for the NPO organization Touch in Peace. She is the lead translator and project manager for Final Straw’s projects and activities in Japan. Kaori worked internationally with food and massage therapy as tools for bringing about health and well being to communities and the environment. Her menus are often improvised as she concentrates on local, natural foods in tune with the season and with the constitutions of the guests. Kaori also works with Kobe city for their seasonal Farmer’s Market as translator and producer of a CSA empowering workshop.  Her works are becoming more like that of a social activist these years, and she expects to produce a “Pay it forward” based conceptual restaurant that will open seasonally next year. Kaori studied at Kobe University of Commerce(JP).

The Animation

“A Little Light” by Heeyoung Park

Animator, Heeyoung Park, studying plants and people on natural farms in preparation for the Final Straw animation.

The Final Straw: Food, Earth, Happiness film is introduced with a delicate and moving animated short by Heeyoung Park. The animation is hand drawn, and took two years to complete.

The process was intense and immersive; in order to prepare for drawing the first frame, Heeyoung spent an entire year studying with the directors, going over ideas and sketches, and working on natural farms. Heeyoung also chose to work specifically with Japanese composer ZMI to create the soundtrack for her short.

The result is a deeply personal and introspective work of animation.

A Soundtrack from Three Countries

Patrick and WindSync talking about the film during soundtrack recording in Houston, TX
Patrick with the members of WindSync, talking about the film during soundtrack recording in Houston, TX

As our primary filming took place in Japan, South Korea, and the United States, we wished to work with musicians from these three countries as well. Having studied music (flute) since childhood, Lydon undertook the job of working with professional musicians to create a soundtrack that reflected the depth and meaning of the film. All musicians volunteered their time to support the film. These musicians are impressive not only musically, but in the mindset of how they make and share their work. The musicians are:

Wind Sync | United States | Houston, Texas |
Much of the soundtrack is improvised by this group, a revolutionary wind quintet who are internationally recognized for their dramatic and engaging performances. These five virtuoso players tour regularly, inspiring audiences of all ages.

Bomnunbyul Kim | South Korea | Seoul  |
South Korea’s most recognized kalimba and native american flute player, his performances touch the souls of audiences during frequent tours around East Asia.

Joyful Island | South Korea | Seoul |
An eclectic group of musicians well known for their dynamic and upbeat world-folk sound, the five member group brings their original compositions to concert stages around the world.

Youji Kohno and Ben Nakamura | Japan | Kagawa |
Experimental musicians known for live performances using direct electrical current and analog instruments to produce soundscapes.

Production Support

Feedback session at Space Noah in Seoul, Korea
A feedback session with Dr. Noah at Space Noah in Seoul, Korea

This project — both the documentary and our outreach — would not be possible without the continuing generosity of amazing people and organizations who we constantly encounter along the journey. We would like to send a huge thank you to those who have helped support the Final Straw project to date, including:

Organization Support

Individual Support

강주석 (Jooseok Kang)
김은진 (Eunjin Kim)
김옥분 (Okboon Kim)
조지연 (Jiyeon Cho),
김용욱 (Yong-uk Kim)
이귀정 (Gwijeong Lee)
이문재 (Moonjae Lee)
보파 (Jihong Min)
박근우 (Noah Park)
먼지신혜 (Munji Shinhe)
박진한(Jinhan Park)
이대용(Daeyong Lee)
김대윤(Daeyoon Kim)
생각비행(Flight of Ideas)
카페 위 (Cafe Oui)
커피상점 이심 (Cafe Isim)
공방 이모하(Yimoha)
Jaye and Janine Lydon
Khai Tran
Ross McLean
Donald Urquhart

Rosann Spetti
Isao Suizu


박희영(Heeyoung Park)
천유식(Yoosik Cheon)
김맑아(Malga Kim)
김성희(Sonny Kim)
김현우(Ohio Kim)
이정기(John Kenneth Lee)
조윤희(Yunhee Cho)
안정화(Jeonghwa Ahn)
전유니(Youni Jeon)
최린(Lin Choi)
김민주(Minju Ginger Kim)
민대백(Daebaek Min)
Masumi Abe Yamato
Uni Park
Kyoko Koda
Chiaki Koyama
Daisuke Matsumoto
Akiko Misasa
Caori Tsuji
Ikumasa Hayashi
Patrice Milillo
Eri Mizushima
Eri and Kazu Ohata
Natsuki Yamada

Key Collaborators

Individuals we are currently engaged in who help produce, manage, and otherwise make our projects come to life.

Chris Fremantle
Arts Producer and Researcher / Scotland

Ikumasa Hayashi
Curator / Nagoya, Japan

Harumi Ikegame
Clothing and Textile Artist / Kobe, Japan

Yasutaka Kaneda
Community Designer, NPO / Osaka, Japan

Robin Lasser
Professor of Art, San Jose State University / United States

Patrice Milillo
Director, Art is Power / Los Angeles, United States

Elizabeth Ogilvie
Artist and Producer / Fife, Scotland

Heeyoung Park
Animator / Strasbourg, France

Ninian Stuart
Director of Strategy, Centre for Stewardship / Falkland, Scotland

Isao Suizu
Professor, Aichi University of the Arts / Nagoya, Japan

Partner Organizations

Organizations we have engaged with to help produce and/or sponsor our projects in various areas of the world

Aichi University of the Arts / Japan
Air / Osaka, Japan
Falkland Centre for Stewardship / Scotland
Chishima Foundation for Creative Osaka / Japan / Osaka, Japan
Contemporary Art Space Osaka / Japan
Edinburgh College of Art, University of Edinburgh / Scotland
Lateral Lab / Scotland
Minna Nouen / Osaka, Japan
N3 Art Lab / Yamaguchi, Japan
Robert Callender International Residency for Young Artists / Scotland
Sasakawa Foundation / Great Britain
Seoul Youth Hub / South Korea
Setouchi International Triennale / Japan
Small House / Dajeon, South Korea
Space Noah / Seoul, South Korea
Value Garden / Seoul, South Korea
Yamaguchi Institute of Contemporary Art / Japan

More Learning

Explore More at Final Straw

Yoshikazu Kawaguchi and Kaori Tsuji talk about Kawaguchi's natural farming methods (Photo: P.M. Lydon | Final Straw)

What is Natural farming?

While techniques and methods vary widely, natural farmers share common roots in re-connecting themselves and their farming processes to the Earth, and cultivating food that inherently regenerates the health of the natural world—and of humanity.

Patrick and Suhee during filming of a community project in Megijima, Japan

About the Film

Inspired by Masanobu Fukuoka, and the book The One Straw Revolution, the film weaves together meditative landscapes, an eclectic original soundtrack, and inspiring stories from some of the world’s foremost figures in the natural farming movement.